Article updated at 11:47 a.m. Sunday:
TOPEKA — Kansas political icon Bob Dole, who represented the state for decades in Washington, D.C., and was the Republican nominee for president in 1996, died Sunday morning at age 98.
The Elizabeth Dole Foundation announced his death. He said in February he had been diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer.
“It is with heavy hearts we announce that Senator Robert Joseph Dole died early this morning in his sleep,” the foundation said in a statement. “At his death, at age 98, he had served the United States of America faithfully for 79 years.”
Dole was a small-town athlete and gritty World War II veteran who molded himself into one of Kansas’ most distinctive politicians. He served briefly in the Kansas Legislature before launching a career in U.S. House and U.S. Senate running from 1969 to 1996. He was the GOP leader of the Senate for the last 11 years in elective politics.
He stepped away from that political role after winning the Republican Party’s presidential nomination in 1996. He previously was the vice presidential nominee, running with President Gerald Ford.
U.S. Sen. Roger Marshall, a Republican from Kansas, said Dole was “an American hero, a statesman of the highest order, and one of the greatest legislators of all time.”
“Most importantly,” Marshall said, “he was forever a Kansan who always put service above self.”
During decades of campaigns, he flashed sensitivity and charm. He was a pragmatist in terms of public policy who bristled at the tea party conservatives. He was a solid Republican, but didn’t view bipartisanship as a weakness.
“His biography speaks for itself,” former U.S. Sen. John Danforth of Missouri said during the 2008 GOP national convention. “He was very, very, very good at getting things done. The most frequent Bob Dole line was, ‘Have you got it worked out yet?’”
Dole was married to Elizabeth Dole, who also served in the U.S. Senate and was secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation.
His life in politics followed service in the U.S. Army and sustaining of crippling injuries during combat in Italy. In April 1945, while engaged in fighting in mountains near Bologna, Dole was struck by fragments of a German shell. His injuries were to his spine, upper back, right arm and collarbone.
“I lay face down in the dirt,” Dole said. “I could not see or move my arms. I thought they were missing.”
He slowly recovered in hospitals, but he had limited movement of his right arm. He would carry a pen in his right hand and shake hands with his left.
Dole received two Purple Hearts, the Bronze Star with a “V” device for valor. He was a fervent advocate for people with disabilities and of military veterans. He went on to serve as national chairman of the campaign to raise money for building the National World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.
He was born in Russell, Kansas, where his father earned money by running a small creamery. He enrolled at the University of Kansas in 1941. He participated in KU football, basketball and track. His studies at KU were interrupted by the war. Once his health allowed it, Dole enrolled at the University of Arizona. He later transferring to Washburn University in Topeka, where he received undergraduate and law degrees.
The Robert Dole Institute of Politics, established in 2003 at KU, maintains a mission of bringing bipartisanship back to national politics.
In 1997, Dole received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Bill Clinton. He was presented the Presidential Citizens Medal in 1989 by President Ronald Reagan.
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